Constructing the Face
Craniofacial Medicine - An Interdisciplinary Approach
This symposium focuses on craniofacial research and medicine as the science and practice related to the bones and soft tissues of the skull and face. The afternoon begins with a presentation about Dr. Bernhard Gottlieb, the father of oral biology.
Gottlieb laid the intellectual foundation for today’s craniofacial science and spent the final 10 years of his career as a faculty member at Texas A&M College of Dentistry (then Baylor University College of Dentistry).
This presentation is followed by the keynote lecture by Dr. Sander Gilman, distinguished professor of Liberal Arts and Sciences at Emory University, and presentations by four leaders in their respective fields.
The symposium will conclude with the announcement of the Gottlieb Endowed Chair and a few remarks about Gottlieb’s interactions with colleagues in Texas.
- 1:00 pm: Opening Remarks
- 1:25 – 2:05 pm: Keynote Lecture: From the Nose Job to Face Transplants: A History of the "Authentic Face" - Sander Gilman, Ph.D., Distinguished Professor, Liberal Arts and Sciences, and Professor of Psychiatry at Emory University
- 2:10 – 2:30 pm: Changing Concepts in Craniofacial Research - David Carlson, Ph.D., Regents Professor, Texas A&M College of Dentistry
- 2:35 – 3:05 pm: Restoring Craniofacial Form and Function - a Surgeon’s View - Alex Kane, M.D., Division Director of Pediatric and Craniofacial Surgery at Children’s Medical Center, Professor of Plastic Surgery at UT Southwestern Medical Center
- 3:10 – 3:30 pm: Epigenetics & Small Molecules in Craniofacial Development, Disease and Therapy - Tom Diekwisch, D.M.D., Ph.D., Ph.D., Professor and Head, Periodontics - Director, Center for Craniofacial Research and Diagnosis
- 3:35 – 3:55 pm: Prosthetic Rehabilitation of Craniofacial Deformities - Suzanne Verma, Assistant Professor and Anaplastologist, Texas A&M College of Dentistry
- 4:00 pm: Announcement of the Gottlieb Endowed Chair
- 4:30-5:30 pm: 6th Floor Lobby Reception
CE Credit: 4 Hours (CE Credit for dental professionals only)
AGD Codes: 371: Diagnosis and Treatment Planning, 012 Anatomy, 431 Growth and Development,312 Orthognathic surgery, 149 multdiscinplary topics, 433 Behavior management
Sander L. Gilman, Ph.D., is a distinguished professor of liberal arts and sciences as well as professor of psychiatry at Emory University.
Gilman's keynote lecture will discuss the history of the “Authentic Face” in the context of nose jobs and face transplants.
A cultural and literary historian, Gilman is the author or editor of more than 80 books. His Obesity: The Biography appeared with Oxford University Press in 2010; his most recent edited volume, The Third Reich Sourcebook (with Anson Rabinbach) was published with the University of California Press in 2013. He is the author of the basic study of the visual stereotyping of the mentally ill, Seeing the Insane, published by John Wiley and Sons in 1982 (reprinted: 1996) as well as the standard study of Jewish Self-Hatred, the title of his Johns Hopkins University Press monograph of 1986. For 25 years, he was a member of the humanities and medical faculties at Cornell University where he held the Goldwin Smith Professorship of Humane Studies. For six years, he held the Henry R. Luce Distinguished Service Professorship of the Liberal Arts in Human Biology at the University of Chicago and for four years was a distinguished professor of liberal arts and medicine and creator of the Humanities Laboratory at the University of Illinois at Chicago. From 1990 to 1991, he served as the Visiting Historical Scholar at the National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; 1996 to 1997 as a fellow of the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, Stanford, CA; 2000 to 2001 as a Berlin prize fellow at the American Academy in Berlin; 2004 to 2005 as the Weidenfeld Visiting Professor of European Comparative Literature at Oxford University; 2007 to 2012 as professor at the Institute in the Humanities, Birbeck College; and 2010 to 2013 as a Visiting Research Professor at the University of Hong Kong. He has been a visiting professor at numerous universities in North America, South Africa, the United Kingdom, Germany, Israel, China, and New Zealand. He was president of the Modern Language Association in 1995. He has been awarded a Doctor of Laws (honoris causa) at the University of Toronto in 1997 and elected an honorary professor of the Free University in Berlin (2000) and an honorary member of the American Psychoanalytic Association (2007).
David S. Carlson, Ph.D., is a Regents professor in the Department of Biomedical Sciences at Texas A&M College of Dentistry.
Carlson will present a historical vignette about changing concepts in craniofacial research and diagnosis and its implications on modern day craniofacial research.
He has been actively engaged in basic, applied, and clinical research on normal and abnormal development and growth of the craniofacial complex for more than 40 years. His main areas of interest include the effect of muscle function on craniofacial growth and treatment; growth, function, and treatment of the temporomandibular joint; development of concepts, theories, and paradigms related to craniofacial growth and form; and the role of genetic and epigenetic mechanisms in normal craniofacial development and growth, as well as in the outcome of dentofacial treatment. Carlson trained in Physical Anthropology at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst (Ph.D.) and in Craniofacial Biology at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (Postdoctoral).
From 1978 until 1993, Carlson was a faculty member at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, where he was a member of the Departments of Anatomy and Developmental Biology, Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry, and a member of the Center for Human Growth and Development, eventually rising to the rank of professor. Following his move to Baylor College of Dentistry, Carlson has held numerous administrative and leadership positions, including Regents Professor, Department of Biomedical Sciences (1993-present); Robert E. Gaylord Endowed Professor of Orthodontics (1995-2006); director, Center for Craniofacial Research & Diagnosis (1996-2003), chair, Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Dentistry, Texas A&M Health Science Center (1993-2003); associate dean for Research & Graduate Studies, College of Dentistry (1999-2003); interim director, Texas A&M Health Science Center Institute of Biosciences & Technology (2008-2011); dean, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences (2003-2014); and vice president for Research, Texas A&M Health Science Center, Texas A&M University (2003-2014). Carlson has been the recipient of numerous federal research grants related to craniofacial growth and development as well as infrastructure improvement. He lectures throughout the world on current advances in the developmental biology and growth of the craniofacial complex as this relates to the biological basis for the origin and treatment of dentofacial deformities.
Alex A. Kane, M.D., is division director of Pediatric and Craniofacial Surgery at Children’s Medical Center and professor of Plastic Surgery at UT Southwestern Medical Center.
Kane’s presentation will address the restoration of craniofacial form and function from a surgical perspective.
Kane has more than a decade of experience treating children with many conditions that require plastic and craniofacial surgery, including cleft lip and palate, craniosynostosis, facial traumatic injuries, ear deformities, vascular anomalies, and pediatric breast conditions. Kane completed his undergraduate and medical studies at Dartmouth College in New Hampshire. He completed residencies in general and plastic surgery at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. He finished a concentrated fellowship in cleft lip and palate and craniofacial surgery at Chang-Gung Memorial Hospital in China and a secondary fellowship in craniofacial imaging at the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, MD. Prior to joining UT Southwestern in 2010, Kane was an endowed associate professor of Surgery at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. He was also director of the Cleft Palate and Craniofacial Institute at St. Louis Children’s Hospital as well as section chief of Pediatric Plastic Surgery there. Kane is positioning the pediatric plastic and craniofacial team at Children’s Medical Center to be among the best in the country. As part of his imaging research, Kane designed the Analytical Imaging and Modeling (AIM) Center for pediatrics at Children's Medical Center. It includes facilities for obtaining 2-D, 3-D, and 4-D images that will help pediatric specialists study outcomes and improve treatments. Kane has authored more than 60 research articles and book chapters on plastic and craniofacial subjects. He frequently lectures and presents research at national and international medical symposia. He enjoys teaching fellows, residents, and medical students. Kane is a member of the American Association of Plastic Surgeons, American Society of Plastic Surgeons, American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association, American College of Surgeons, and the Plastic Surgery Research Council. He has participated in many charitable surgical missions to Asia under the auspices of Smile Train and the Noordhoff Craniofacial Foundation. Kane is a native of New York. He enjoys woodworking and spending time with his wife, their four children, and their dog.
Thomas G.H. Diekwisch, D.M.D., Ph.D. (sc.), Ph.D. (phil.), was born in Bielefeld, Germany. Diekwisch holds degrees in dental medicine (1986, D.M.D.), anatomy (1988, Ph.D. with "summa cum laude"), and philosophy (2005, Ph.D. with “magna cum laude”), all from the Philipps-University of Marburg/Germany.
Diekwisch, the first holder of the Bernhard Gottlieb Endowed Chair, will summarize his research on the role of epigenetics and small molecules in craniofacial development and how this knowledge can be applied toward our understanding of craniofacial malformations and their therapy.
From 1986 to 1990, Diekwisch was a lecturer, clinical instructor, and research associate in the Departments of Anatomy and Periodontics at the Philipps-University. After postdoctoral training at the University of Southern California he joined the faculty of Baylor College of Dentistry in Dallas in 1994, where he cloned a novel gene, the chromatin factor CP27, and created an award-winning community science education outreach program entitled “Habitat for Science.” In 2001, Diekwisch was recruited to the University of Illinois at Chicago to become the first director of the Brodie Laboratory for Craniofacial Genetics and the Allan G. Brodie Endowed Chair. Two years later, he was appointed professor and head of the Department of Oral Biology. During his tenure at UIC, the Brodie laboratory attracted approximately $8 million in extramural funds, mostly from NIH and NSF. At UIC, Diekwisch also was involved in the generation of more than $2 million in gift funds, including the Brodie Professorship for Dr. Anne George, the E. Lloyd du Brul Scholarship, and a number of gifts for lecture series and meetings. Diekwisch’s research at UIC was focused on stem cells, tissue engineering, chromatin and epigenetics, development and evolution of teeth, tooth movement, and history of science. This research resulted in more than 50 peer-reviewed scientific papers, including pioneering work on stem cell based periodontal regeneration and polyproline-repeat element function in enamel formation, which were published in PloS Biology and Stem Cells and Development. During his Chicago years, Diekwisch organized two major international symposia, the 2011 Eighth International Symposium on the Development, Properties and Pathology of Tooth Enamel, Enamel VIII, in Starved Rock State Park, Utica, Illinois and the 2013 Chicago Oral Biology Centennial. As an educator, Diekwisch developed an integrated post-graduate course for dental specialty students such as Orthodontics, Periodontics, Pedodontics, Prosthodontics, Endodontics and Ph.D. students. In addition, the Brodie lab trained numerous future scientists and academics, many of whom went on to independent faculty positions. In recognition of his efforts to promote international research collaborations, Diekwisch became an honorary professor at Jilin University in Changchun, China, in 2009. In 2014, Diekwisch returned to Texas A&M College of Dentistry as the director of the Center for Craniofacial Research and Diagnosis and chair of the Department of Periodontics. In Dallas, Diekwisch and his team have created a hybrid environment in which they apply their expertise in tissue regeneration, epigenetics, and craniofacial biology toward the generation of new therapeutic and diagnostic approaches that will augment the College of Dentistry's strengths in clinical dentistry.
Suzanne Verma, M.A.M.S., C.C.A. is an assistant professor with the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and a certified clinical anaplastologist with the Center for Maxillofacial Prosthodontics at Texas A&M College of Dentistry in Dallas.
Verma's presentation will address prosthetic approaches toward the rehabilitation of craniofacial deformities, and the impact of advanced technologies on the craniofacial team.
Her teaching responsibilities include directing a course in maxillofacial prosthetics for the graduate prosthodontics and lecturing to post-doctorate oral surgery residents and dental students. Verma received a bachelor’s degree in Biological Pre-Medical Illustration from Iowa State University and a master’s degree in Biomedical Visualization with an emphasis in Facial Prosthetics from the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC). Her clinical training experiences include UIC's Craniofacial Center, the Maxilllofacial Prosthetics and Dental Oncology Department at the University of Nebraska Medical Center and the Maxillofacial Unit Laboratory of Morriston Hospital in Swansea, Wales, United Kingdom, where she worked as a visiting anaplastologist. Before arriving in Dallas, Verma worked as an anaplastologist in both research and clinical capacities with COMPRU, (now IRSM) in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Her research interests on which she has lectured nationally and internationally include: applications of surgical navigational systems for preoperative planning and intraoperative procedures involved in craniofacial bone anchored implant placement; applications of advanced digital technology in autogenous auricular reconstruction planning; and clinical applications of spectrophotometry. Verma is an active member of numerous field-oriented associations: Board for Certification in Clinical Anaplastology (vice president, 2011 – 2013, secretary, 2007-2011), director on the executive board for the World Coalition of Anaplastology (2014 to present), and president elect for the International Anaplastology Association (2016). Verma’s leadership position in her field also has been recognized with her appointment to the advisory board for College of Design, Department of Art and Visual Culture at Iowa State University (2014 – present) and the Outstanding Young Alumni Award at Iowa State University (2015).
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